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Using recent gene flow to define microbe populations August 8, 2019 - 12:40pm

Identifying species among plants and animals has been a full-time occupation for some biologists, but the task is even more daunting for the myriad microbes that inhabit the planet. Now, MIT researchers have developed a simple measurement of gene flow that can define ecologically important populations among bacteria and archaea, including pinpointing populations associated with human diseases.

3Q: Jeremy Gregory on measuring the benefits of hazard resilience August 7, 2019 - 12:41pm

According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the combined cost of natural disasters in the United States was $91 billion in 2018. The year before, natural disasters inflicted even greater damage — $306.2 billion. Traditionally, investment in mitigating these damages has gone toward disaster response. While important, disaster response is only one part of disaster mitigation. By putting more resources into disaster readiness, communities can reduce the time it takes to recover from a disaster while decreasing loss of life and damage costs.

School of Engineering second quarter 2019 awards August 2, 2019 - 11:39am

Members of the MIT engineering faculty receive many awards in recognition of their scholarship, service, and overall excellence. Every quarter, the School of Engineering publicly recognizes their achievements by highlighting the honors, prizes, and medals won by faculty working in their academic departments, labs, and centers.

Addressing Africa's sustainable development July 28, 2019 - 4:56pm

Climate change, a surging population, and increasing demand for food, housing and natural resources present Africa and the world with extraordinary challenges.

René García Franceschini: Engineering energy solutions for all July 28, 2019 - 4:56pm

René Andrés García Franceschini grew up in Ponce, Puerto Rico. His parents both work in science — his mother is a medical technologist, and his father is a chemist in Waco, Texas. He has two brothers, one older and one younger. When Hurricane Maria devastated the island last year, he had just started his junior year at MIT. He wasn’t able to reach his mother and siblings for about a week.

“That kind of woke something in me,” he says. “I realized I need to try to ensure that the work that I’m doing, the technical work, is also aligned with trying to help people back home.”

Urban water scarcity takes center stage at MIT Water Summit July 28, 2019 - 5:03pm

“By 2030, there will be a 40 percent gap between water supply and demand. That means that for every five people in this room, only three will have water,” said Mary Conley Egger, the opening keynote speaker at the annual MIT Water Summit.

Eggert, vice president of Global Water Works, emphasized those figures to underscore the urgency behind this year’s theme of “​Thirsty Cities,” addressing the severity of the crisis surrounding our water resources. Over 200 presenters and attendees gathered for two days to address the issues together.

School of Engineering third quarter 2018 awards July 28, 2019 - 4:56pm

Members of the MIT engineering faculty receive many awards in recognition of their scholarship, service, and overall excellence. Every quarter, the School of Engineering publicly recognizes their achievements by highlighting the honors, prizes, and medals won by faculty working in our academic departments, labs, and centers.

Studying pavement from a marathon runner's perspective July 28, 2019 - 4:56pm

Being a research student requires hours behind a desk. For Concrete Sustainability Hub researcher Thomas Petersen though, it also requires hours of running, and perhaps, even a marathon or two.

“I love running,” Petersen says. “I find that it helps my productivity.”

Petersen has made running a regular part of his research routine. He says that stepping away from his desk and jogging along the adjacent Charles River, he finds he can think about problems “in a different way.”

School of Engineering welcomes new faculty July 28, 2019 - 4:56pm

The School of Engineering is welcoming 11 new faculty members to its departments, institutes, labs, and centers. With research and teaching activities ranging from the development of novel microscopy techniques to intelligent systems and mixed-autonomy mobility, they are poised to make significant contributions in new directions across the school and to a wide range of research efforts around the Institute.

Youssef Marzouk and Nicolas Hadjiconstantinou to direct the Center for Computational Engineering July 28, 2019 - 4:56pm

Youssef Marzouk and Nicolas Hadjiconstantinou have been named co-directors of MIT’s Center for Computational Engineering (CCE), effective immediately, Anantha Chandrakasan, dean of the School of Engineering, has announced.

Collaboration runs through J-WAFS-funded projects July 28, 2019 - 4:56pm

“In order to do the kind and scale of work that we do, international collaboration is essential. However, this can be difficult to fund,” Chris Voigt said. “J-WAFS is providing the support that we need for the cross-institutional and cross-sector collaboration that is enabling our work to move forward.”

Bursting bubbles launch bacteria from water to air July 28, 2019 - 4:56pm

Wherever there’s water, there’s bound to be bubbles floating at the surface. From standing puddles, lakes, and streams, to swimming pools, hot tubs, public fountains, and toilets, bubbles are ubiquitous, indoors and out.

A new MIT study shows how bubbles contaminated with bacteria can act as tiny microbial grenades, bursting and launching microorganisms, including potential pathogens, out of the water and into the air.

Structure of fossil-fuel source rocks is finally decoded July 28, 2019 - 4:56pm

The fossil fuels that provide much of the world’s energy orginate in a type of rock known as kerogen, and the potential for recovering these fuels depends crucially on the size and connectedness of the rocks’ internal pore spaces.

Bridge to the future of engineering July 28, 2019 - 5:03pm

School of Engineering faculty are embracing the new MIT Stephen A. Schwarzman College of Computing as a bold response to the rapid evolution of computing that is altering and, in many cases, fundamentally transforming their disciplines.

MIT-Germany and the University of Stuttgart extend cooperation July 28, 2019 - 4:56pm

Representatives from the MIT-Germany Program and the University of Stuttgart (USTUTT) recently came together to formally extend a strategic partnership first created in 2015. The agreement aims to forge a closer relationship between the two universities in both research and teaching.

3Q: Eric Alm on the mysteries of the microbiome July 28, 2019 - 5:03pm

Eric Alm is a professor of civil and environmental engineering and biological engineering at MIT and co-director of the Center for Microbiome Informatics and Therapeutics. He also serves on the board of directors for the non-profit stool bank, OpenBiome, and clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company Finch Therapeutics. His work focuses on understanding and engineering the human microbiome, which he defines as the microbes — bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and viruses — that live on and inside the human body.

Five from MIT earn Simons Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowships in Marine Microbial Ecology July 28, 2019 - 5:03pm

Four current and former MIT-Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Joint Program students (MIT-WHOI) and one postdoc from the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering (CEE) have been awarded Simons Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowships in Marine Microbial Ecology, bringing the total of MIT awardees to five out of the nine fellowships granted nationally in 2018.

3Q: David Simchi-Levi on advancing global retail operations through analytics and machine learning July 28, 2019 - 4:56pm

Three technology trends are quickly changing global supply chains, revenue management, and the retail industry as a whole: digitization, analytics, and automation. But digital innovation does not come easily. Challenges include internal resistance to change, the siloing of data, and difficulty providing companies with the skills required to understand, predict, and change behavior.

3Q: Judah Cohen on improving seasonal weather forecasting July 28, 2019 - 4:56pm

Judah Cohen, a climatologist and visiting scientist in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, is focused on improving the science of seasonal weather forecasting, in particular the winter forecasts so many people anxiously (or eagerly) await. Cohen is currently investigating the impacts of snow cover and sea ice variability on the winter climate, and how warming in the Arctic is influencing winter weather around the world.

QS World University Rankings rates MIT No. 1 in 11 subjects for 2019 July 28, 2019 - 4:56pm

MIT has been honored with 11 No. 1 subject rankings in the QS World University Rankings for 2019.

The Institute received a No. 1 ranking in the following QS subject areas: Chemistry; Computer Science and Information Systems; Chemical Engineering; Civil and Structural Engineering; Electrical and Electronic Engineering; Mechanical, Aeronautical and Manufacturing Engineering; Linguistics; Materials Science; Mathematics; Physics and Astronomy; and Statistics and Operational Research.